Trimming is to use a tool like scissor to cut off unwanted parts of the plant
Cannabis Trimming Technology
Yes, that’s right. Scissors are the most handy tool that used by even the most crafty trimmers. In fact, using scissors to trim cannabis plants have become a speciality nowadays, and there are various trimming methods and principles out there people are marketing about.
Electric Handheld Trimmer
Electric handheld trimmer is an upgrade to scissors. With this tool, the operation can be much more precise. Unlike the commercial and industrial automatic trimmer machines, the electric handheld trimmer still requires some decent trimming skill in order to produce nice trimming quality.
Bowl trimmer is a very convenient trimming tool. Its low cost and compact size with reasonable trimming capacity is what customers like about. However, it is become less favorable since the quality of trim is not going to be as good as hand trim while the processing capacity is not comparable to trimmer machines.
When it comes to commercial or industrial processing, trimmer machines are the ultimate solution. In order to accommodate the demand of different processing capacity and types, trimmer machines have evolved quite a lot in the past few years. Major categories are wet trimmers and dry trimmers.
Cannabis Grinding/ Milling
Grinding/ Milling is the process that biomass being mechanically break down into desired particle size.
Cannabis Grinding/Milling Technology
Recreational grinder is meant for cannabis smokers to enjoy the crafting part of producing their own cannabis joints/blunts. Structural design is very key to this little piece since it is used manually and people would love to collect those hash after a while.
Milling Machine (Commercial)
Commercial milling machine can be used at production level and requires low maintenance. Durability, consistency and particle sizes are variables that differentiate such type of products.
Milling Machine (Industrial)
Industrial milling machines are design to process thousands of pounds cannabis plants each day continuously. Consistent particle size and easy to clean are the two important factors when picking such machines.
Cannabis winterization is the process that polar solvent such as ethanol is added to the solution and freeze at temperature below zero degree to precipitate out waxes and lipids in the solution with filtration procudures.
Cannabis winterization technology
Ultra Low Temperature Freezer
Winterization requires supersaturated solution to be formed. In order to manipulate the solubility of the solvent, freezing is an important step. Since winterization process requires ultra-low temperature in order to achieve better separation effects, designated freezer is required. Uniformity in freezing, energy efficiency and capacity are key factors when picking such freezers.
Büchner Funnel (Vacuum Filtration)
Büchner Funnel utilizes vacuum pressure applied at the collection flask to pull solution/particle of desired size to pass through the filter at the top. This equipment is very efficient and safe to remove majority (~90%) of the wax and lipids in the plant.
Micro-fiber Filtration Paper
Filter paper is commonly used during the winterization process. Majority of the filter paper for winterization are made out of cellulose. Some have sorbent such as carbon, alumina, and silica implemented.
Cannabis Solvent Recovery
Solvent recovery process is to recycle the solvent that used in the extraction and winterization process.
Cannabis Solvent Recovery Technology
Rotary evaporator has wide range of application when it comes to evaporation. Depends on the size of evaporation flask and heat bath chosen , processing capability can vary. For cannabis refinement process, rotary evaporator is often used at commercial level to remove the ethanol used in winterization and extraction process. It can also be used in later crystallization process when extra solvent such as methanol and pentane are used.
Falling Film Evaporator
Falling film evaporator is often used for larger volume processing, comparing to rotary evaporator. Most of falling film nowadays are design to recycle the ethanol used in ethanol extraction process. Having the mixture solution flow downwards through the heated surface column, low boiling point products such as ethanol can be separated from the rest of the components.
Decarboxylation process is a when cannabinoid acid such as THCA and CBDA becomes neutral cannabinoids THC and CBD, respectively, with losing a carboxyl group due to heat.
Cannabis Decarboxylation technology
Decarboxylation is a simple process, however, it shall be perfromed carefully in order to acheive the best result, Precision oven can operate at very accurate temperature with controllable small step value that users can control. The uniformity and accuracy combine with energy efficiency are the very key when picking the right precision oven.
Distillation is a purification process that further separates components with different thermodynamic properties, typically boiling point.
Cannabis Distillation Methods and Technologies
Short Path Distillation
Short path distillation is also known as Molecular Distillation process. It is a very innovation and advanced separation technology that mainly used for liquid-liquid separation at industrial level. Wiped film distillation is one of the latest application that utilized short path distillation.
Fractional distillation is a process that can be used to separate various components with different boiling point without new solvent. Like normal distillation process, fractional distillation is physical process. Spinning band distillation is a commercial level fractional distillation technology, while distillation tower is used in industrial level.
Wiped Film Distillation
Wiped Film Distillation is a highly efficient distillation mechanism. The wiper within distillation still creates turbulence that greatly improves the separation efficiency between the lower boiling point and high boiling point substances, while creating a downward force to the high boiling point component so it can flow smoothly without clogging the still.
Advanced Wiped Film Distillation
Advanced Wiped Film distillation equipment are generally made out of metal such as high quality stainless steel. The advanced system can process material at higher capacity and rate. Even though there is not much difference in the final product quality comparing to the glass equipment, the stainless version can generate a higher return of investment.
Spinning Band Distillation
Spinning band distillation device an advanced fractional distillation apparatus, which utilize the fractional distillation concept and further improved it with spinning band mechanism. The spinning band creates turbulence and improves contact surface area to further increase the separation efficiency.
Distillation tower is the ultimate and most powerful industrial distillation solution right now in the market. With great reflux and structural design, the distillation tower can handles tons of daily processing requirements. However, the building such facility is both costly and require expertise.
Isolation is the process where single organic compound is separated from the mixture solution to achieve the highest isolation level and purity.
Cannabis Isolation technology
The most widely used liquid chromatography method used in the cannabis industry is high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) coupled with a diode-array detector (DAD). Such method can define eight major cannabinoid compounds of cannabis chemotypes and perform qualitative and quantitative analysis on major cannabinoids such as delta-9 THC, THCA, CBN, CBD, CBDA, and CBGA along with all phenolic compounds.
The most widely used gas chromatography is coupled with a flame ionization detector (GC/FID) and Mass Spectroscopy(GC-MS). Both are used to analyze the concentration and stability of cannabinoid compounds. GC-MS method, when coupling with headspace solid-phase microextraction (HS-SPME), is capable to accurately map out the complete volatile organic compound (VOC) emission rates of 48 different cannabis plants.
Crystallization is when cannabinoids precipitate out from the solution and form solid within the solution.
Cannabis Crystallization Technology
Crystallization Reactor is a great piece of equipment to have in order to finish crystallization process of the desired cannabinoids. A well built crystallization reactor need to be explosive proof and be able to control the rate of heat loss.